Plant Guide > Mosses and Lichens > Liverworts or Hepatics > Genus Ptilidium

Genus Ptilidium


Genus PtilidiumGenus PTILIDIUM, Nees

The species of the Genus Ptilidium grow usually in dense and brownish mats, the stems prostrate or ascending, 1 to 2 pinnate or irregularly and sparingly branched, without whip-like branches, the branches are lateral; root-hairs are few and short.

The leaves are obliquely inserted, variously cut or fringed, a character which suggested the name Ptilidium, derived from the Greek; down, the dorsal segment larger and with its tip lying over the base of the leaf next above it (incubus), underleaves (amphigastra) similar but much smaller.

Male flowers (antheridia) short-stalked in the axils of more closely imbricate leaves.

Female flowers (archegonia) terminal, sometimes apparently lateral because a side branch has grown on beyond the stem which bears it. Bracts commonly two pairs, similar to the leaves.

Perianth free, several times longer than the bracts, cylindrical egg-shaped with constricted mouth.

Veil (calyptra) free.

Spore-case egg-shaped on a moderately long stalk (seta) de
hiscing to the base by four rather rigid valves; spores dotted.

Elaters two to three spiral.

There are about eight species.

Ptilidium Ciliare Lichen