Plant Guide > Mosses and Lichens > Mosses > Genus Polytrichum > Ohio Hairy Cap Moss

Ohio Hairy Cap Moss

Ohio Hairy Cap MossOhio Hairy-cap, Polytrichum Ohiense, Ren. and Card.

Habit and habitat.-Found on the ground growing loosely in patches. Distinguished from P. formosum by the form of the spore-case, which is more or less narrowed toward the base and has an indistinct apophysis, but chiefly distinguished by the form of the marginal cells of the lamellae, a character which separates it from all our other species of Polytrichum.

Name.-The specific name Ohiense refers to the fact that the type specimen came from Ohio.

Plant (gametophyte).--Erect, simple or divided, 1 1/2 to 3 inches high, woolly below.

Leaves.-Spreading when moist, erect and slightly twisted when dry; apex narrowly taper-pointed, the awn spiny; base white, sheathing; margin serrate; lamellae 30 to 40; cells 5 to 7 deep, the marginal cell much larger, broader than high, stirrupshaped in section.

Leaves at the base of the pedicel (perichaetial leaves).--Resembling the stem-leaves, longer and with a longer transparent base.

Habit of flowering.-Male and female flowers on separate plants (dioicous).

Veil (calyptra).-Pale, small, ragged, not concealing the spore-case.

Spore-case.-Erect, finally horizontal, with 4 to 6 acute angles, the base tapering into an indistinct apophysis.

Pedicel (seta).-Red below, paler above, a to 4 inches long.

Lid (operculum).-Conic and taper-pointed, bordered with orange.

Teeth (peristome).-Sixty-four.

Spores.-Rust colour, ripe in summer.

Distribution.-North Carolina to Prince Edward's Island, and west to Minnesota and British Columbia. Also in Norway and Sweden.